What is a Literacy Disorder?

A Literacy Disorder is defined by difficulties with reading and/or writing that significantly restrict one’s ability to perform at a level considered appropriate given one’s age and / or grade.  When an individual has difficulties with the building-block skills (e.g., encoding and decoding sounds) to be proficient at reading and writing, intervention may be necessary. Literacy disorders may evolve and change in their presentation as the individual progresses through school and as academic and/or work demands advance.


An evaluation of literacy skills includes the use of standardized assessments of reading (e.g., work attack, accuracy, fluency, comprehension) and / or writing (e.g., spelling, sentence formulation, punctuation, grammar, organization) informal observation, and parent /patient interview.


Treatment sessions are highly individualized. Clinicians collaborate with the patient/parent to determine goals for literacy training that will best support the patient within their academic/professional environment. Intervention is available through computer-based programs, individual sessions, and home program.

Links for more information:

American Speech and Hearing Association: